If your information is a good and useful one, your name or pseudonym will appear in the above Credits, be sure. By "primitive", I don not mean "rudimentary or crude", of course, but "primeval or pristine". (See Veda). May He bestow on us from all sides all divine virtues like learning and wisdom, perfectly healthy limbs, beneficent seasons and appreciable means of legitimate enjoyments. This version is derived from an ITRANS transcription which has been published at several different locations on the Internet. The word "veda" mainly means "knowledge" (sacred knowledge). A collection of 1,028 hymns and 10,600 verses in all, organized into ten different Mandalas (or the books; Sanskrit), it is the principal and oldest of the four Vedas. The more violent the debate, the more ignorance is there. This version has some minor defects originating in the source files, which we hope to fix at some point. The electronic Rig-Veda PDF files downloadable below are those of the first edition 1998 using the typeface depicted above. Despite I will keep the original characters in both the original Sanskrit text and the transliteration, that combination may be replaced with "ḍha", i.e. 1 I WILL declare the manly deeds of Indra, the first that he achieved, the Thunder-wielder. It is easy to dissent, but it is not so easy to understand the opinions of other people. The Rig Veda in Sanskrit Notes. Required fields are marked *. in the above list of links, the answer is simple: Maṇḍala means "Book", in this context, got it? So, it is better not to argue and discard those muddling matters about dates and places about what is of divine eternal nature, and only enjoy the wisdom coming from those transcendental scriptures such as Ṛgveda. God the Self-effulgent and Omniscient Supreme Leader should be glorified and sought after by both the experienced sages and preceptors and by the students of the Vedic Lore. Rig Veda mostly comprises of hymns and songs dedicated to Agni (God of Fire), Indra (King of Gods) and Soma (Sacred Drink). There is no date for its completion. This was one of the first etexts developed for this site. but traditional Hindus believe that Vedas are eternal knowledge and beyond time and space. Hymns of Sama Veda – RT Griffith 4. This will be a brief introduction containing essential information you should know before reading this venerable scripture. However, its last compilation dates from about 600 BC in the opinion of many authors. They are known as the four Veda-s: Ṛgveda --wrongly-written Rigveda--, Sāmaveda --wrongly-written Samaveda--, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda. There is also a special character: The Rig-Veda is believed to be the oldest of the four collections. In turn, all that is between double hyphen (--...--) constitutes clarifying further information also added by me. Besides, he helped me in many other ways, which would be long to describe here. are given in the learning tools section.. Was it written in India or not? Rg Veda all 10 mandalas, all in original sanskrit (devanagari) text. This is an English translation of 191 hymns of the first book of Rig-Veda with a brief explanation. Veda, (Sanskrit: “Knowledge”) a collection of poems or hymns composed in archaic Sanskrit by Indo-European-speaking peoples who lived in northwest India during the 2nd millennium bce. Sorry about any errors in this introduction but I am not good with dates and history. The Rig Veda in Sanskrit. Your email address will not be published. Besides, remember I know more about Classic Sanskrit (modern Sanskrit) than Vedic Sanskrit (ancient Sanskrit). And every Maṇḍala contains a number of Sūkta-s or hymns. Rig Veda mainly contains various hymns for praying to Vedic Gods such as Agni (Fire God), Indra (The lord of Heavens), Mitra, Varuna (Water God), Surya (Sun God) etc. Agnina rayimasnavat – in sanskrit with meaning – Rig Veda 1.1.3. The following are common diacritics used in the texts we’ll see: ṇ = n; ṛ = ri (as in rich ; a vowel) ṣ = sh . the author of the hymn) and devatā or deity, are also specified there in the form of an "Anukramaṇī" or "Index", and each Anukramaṇī has a respective number. Another matter of debate: "Where was Ṛgveda composed?". īḍe -I praise- instead of īḻe). It consists of hymns which are generally thought to have been composed between 1500 and 1000 BCE, although this chronology has been challenged lately, and it is possible that they are significantly older. Likewise, the current translators will be criticized in the future by other authors... and the chain of ignorance goes on and on like a universal joke, as it were. click on the number to quickly reach my explanation and click on th… The verses can be understood and translated from the perspective of history, science, philosophy, physics, and metaphysics. Also includes kaushitaki, tandya and aiteriya brahmanam aitariya and sankhayan aranyak. May He bestow on us from all sides all divine virtues like learning and wisdom, perfectly healthy limbs, beneficent seasons and appreciable means of legitimate enjoyments. The Rigveda or Rig Veda (Sanskrit: ऋग्वेद ṛgveda, from ṛc "praise" and veda "knowledge") is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns.It is one of the four sacred canonical texts of Hinduism known as the Vedas.. Final notes: As I read Nirukta and other writings, and consequently gain Vedic knowledge, my translation will continue improving gradually. For further information about Sanskrit, Yoga and Indian Philosophy; or if you simply want to comment, ask a question or correct a mistake, feel free to contact us: This is our e-mail address. 1 I WILL declare the manly deeds of Indra, the first that he achieved, the Thunder-wielder. However, as most westerners love dates, I will have to please them somehow, I think. We know that Rig Veda, dated 4000 to 6000 BCE by B G Tilak and German scholar Herman Jacobi, has 1000s of Sanskrit words. Book 1, Book 2... Book 10... simple! No definite date can be ascribed to the composition of the Vedas, but the period of about 1500–1200 bce is acceptable to most scholars. In any case, many other grammatical specimens (e.g. Rig ved sanghita (only sankhyan shak) in sanskrit along with several bhashya (commentaries) i.e sayan bhashya and others including pre sayan bhashya. It can be translated to something like Verses (or Praise) of Wisdom (or Knowledge). My warning is going to people only using the transliteration in IAST, of course, and not to those who are conversant with Devanāgarī (original Sanskrit characters). OK, the most conservative estimates state that Ṛgveda dates from 1200-1500 BC, even though others (as always) affirm it is even older (3000 BC or even 8000 BC). The hymns are composed in Vedic Sanskrit. Therefore, may those Seers living in me as Myself help me in the process of translating this most venerable text or "I will drift in the middle of the ocean", metaphorically speaking. Rig ved in sanskrit, Rig veda by Sanatan Dharm. The whole of Vedas reflect this kind of philosophy. Moreover, Ṛgveda includes written accents. Well, once again, this is of no importance for someone only attempting to taste the nectar of the sublime wisdom contained in Ṛgveda. In turn, those who claim that Sanskrit was born in India affirm that Ṛgveda was composed entirely in that country. But careful too, because "ḻ" is NOT to be mistaken for a consonant "l" with anudātta accent "in the transliteration". Samudra (Sanskrit: समुद्र; IAST: samudrá) is a Sanskrit term literally meaning the "gathering together of waters" (saṃ-"together" and -udra "water"). What are the types of Vedas? These Mantras abide eternally in the Supreme Ether (Parame Viyoman) and hence are without a beginning. Rig Veda, Hindi translation, Veda translation, Rg Veda, Rg Veda in Hindi, Rg Veda Hindi translation, Hindu sciptures, Vedic literature, Vedas Hindi Collection freeindological Language Hindi- Sanskrit original text It consists of a collection of 1,028 poems grouped into 10 “circles” ( mandala s). The Rigveda (Sanskrit: ऋग्वेद ṛgveda, a compound of ṛc "praise, verse" [1] and veda "knowledge") is an ancient Indian sacred collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. The same thing holds true in regard to any other sacred scripture, obviously. These Mantras are not composed by human beings. About the Book The Rig-Veda is the most ancient scripture in the world comprising of Mantras which were revealed to various seers in a state of deep meditation (Tapas). Different spiritual leaders have contributed their thoughts and sayings in the form of hymns.

Its date is debatable. Rutgers thereafter forwarded the text to the Oxford Text Archive (OTA), where it was "found." Oh well, enough of this. In spite of that deficiency, I will do my best in order to present a decent "non-academic" translation of such a sacred scripture as Ṛgvedasaṁhitā. They were originated way before 12000 B.C.E At that time they were recited verbally and passed down to generations orally. For more information about Unicode, fonts, etc., read English-Home - Fonts. Still, you may find all that information in Ṛgvedasaṁhitā itself, as I did not drop anything there. Typesetting Specimen of Devanagari.. I am not including that here or this will not be a brief introduction. To translate the Rig Veda into English requires great patience and great scholarship. God the Self-effulgent and Omniscient Supreme Leader should be glorified and sought after by both the experienced sages and preceptors and by the students of the Vedic Lore. Although Vedic Sanskrit can never be translated to English with complete extraction of the thought behind framing of the shloka, yet, we can retrieve the summary out of it. Small Hymn Files (Chapter Files) in Devanagari . The word is also present on other languages influenced by Sanskrit. Your email address will not be published. Mandala 8: Here, the hymns are dedicated to various gods and have been mostly composed by the Kanva clan. The traditional source of information on the shakhas of each Veda is the Caraṇa-vyūha, of which two, mostly similar, versions exist: the 49th pariśiṣṭa of the Atharvaveda, ascribed to Shaunaka, and the 5th pariśiṣṭa of the Śukla (White) Yajurveda, ascribed to Kātyāyana Rig veda in sanskrit pdf. By the end of the Rig Vedic period the term Brāhmaṇa had come to be applied to all members of the priestly class, but there were subdivisions within this order based both on caste and on the shakha (branch) with which they were affiliated. The Rig-Vedic ‘samhita’ or collection of mantras consists of 1,028 hymns or ‘suktas’, The 10,589 verses of the Rigveda are divided into ten mandalas or books. The source of all other Sanskrit texts, the Rig Veda is written in early Vedic Sanskrit. And now, getting back to the topic of my own translation, keep in mind that I will add adequate notes to it when necessary, whose goal will be to dissipate doubts. Be tolerant, please. The core part of Rig Veda is known as Rig-Veda Samhita. These hymns make up the vast collection that has assimilated together in the Rig Veda. EMBED EMBED (for ... Rg Veda all 10 mandalas, all in original sanskrit (devanagari) text. Wise people do not argue but understand. Click on different pdf file to view & download files. If you do not understand this simple fact, you will not be able to understand the message contained in Ṛgveda. Each word often contains multiple and layered meanings. The amount of hymns or Sūkta-s is 1,028, which contain about 10,552 stanzas (my God!). The Energy is what manifests itself to form the whole universe. Rig veda in sanskrit … Sanskrit Not Hindu Language Nor Rig Veda Macaulay made his intentions clear in his address to the British Parliament, when he observed that it is the Hindu Culture, Religion and Sanskrit were the impediments to the advancement of Britain’s interests in India. Rig Veda (selections) Hindu scriptures (India) A note on using the Latin alphabet to transliterate Sanskrit and Hindi: you will occasionally see familiar letters with diacritical marks on them. There were 1,017 originally, but then eleven hymns were added to the Maṇḍala (Book) 8. When I finish translating Ṛgvedasaṁhitā, I will add more contents to this rather abridged introduction, because at that time my Vedic knowledge will be surely any better than the present one. It is believed that most of these hymns were composed by Vamdeva. This is an experimental Sanskrit version of the Rig Veda; each verse occupies a separate file and is encoded in UTF-8 Unicode Devanagari and standard romanization. Bhagavan came to the museum and blessed the film on November 23, 2000. Thanks a lot for all that too. The author has offered his own translation from Sanskrit, and … Rig-Veda Mandala-I: The translation and interpretation of sacred texts This book is a translation of Mandala-1 (Book One) of Rig-Veda and offers an esoteric and mystical interpretation of selected verses. The others are: Yajur Veda or Yahurveda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda. in Sanskrit. And another fight goes on and on. Yajur Veda – AB Keith 3. There are no sesquipedalian (long and abstruse) compounds either, which makes the translator's work any easier. This writing consists of 10 writings. Rig Veda – RT Griffith 2. There is no known human author of Vedas. cerebral "dha", provided (careful here again!) Westernised scholars date the Rig Veda as 1200 BC – 4000 B.C. At that time, it was completely polished and took its final form. THE RIG VEDA The Rig Veda is the oldest of the four Vedas. In turn, each of those Adhyāya-s or lessons is composed of "Varga-s" or groups. To the latter, the Vedic "l" is clear and can never be mistaken in that way. This is an experimental Sanskrit version of the Rig Veda; each verse occupies a separate file and is encoded in UTF-8 Unicode Devanagari and standard romanization. It is a religious text, composed in Sanskrit, that originated in ancient India (1800-1100 BCE.) This text was deposited some time ago in the RLIN by Robert Khan. The Nāsadīya Sūkta (after the incipit ná ásat, or "not the non-existent"), also known as the Hymn of Creation, is the 129th hymn of the 10th mandala of the Rigveda (10:129). The Rig Veda: The Book of Mantra . The source of all other Sanskrit texts, the Rig Veda is written in early Vedic Sanskrit. Furthermore, always remember that the Ṛṣi-s (Seers or Sages) who wrote all those hymns still are here, right now, as you, me and anyone seeking wisdom to realize his own divine nature. As discussed in my earlier posts, the composition of Vedas is classified in Mandalas (chapters). Rig Veda in Sanskrit. 3 Through Agni man obtaineth wealth, yea, plenty waxing day by day, Most rich in heroes, glorious. The cultural-linguistic records; mainly the variation in form of Sanskrit used (from present-day) point out the origin of the Rig V… Hymns of Atharva Veda – M Bloomfield cerebral "da", provided (careful here!) Hence the Veda is called Rik-Veda or RigVeda. As you can see in the above links, I chose to include only Maṇḍala (Book), Sūkta (Hymn) and Aṣṭaka (Group of eight lessons). Intended for a general audience , Wendy Doniger O’Flaherty’s popular translation of the Rig Veda , published by Penguin in 1981, anthologizes approximately one tenth of the original Sanskrit text, which numbers over 1,000 poems. It refers to an ocean, sea or confluence. Der Rig-Veda: aus dem Sanskrit ins Deutsche übersetzt und mit einem laufenden Kommentar versehen von Karl Friedrich Geldner, Cambridge, Mass., Harvard Oriental Series, 33-36, Bd.1-3: 1951-1957. There are four traditional sacred books in India. The Rig Veda consists of Sanskrit hymns with commentaries on liturgy, ritual and mystical exegesis. The method of dividing Ṛgveda into ten books and their respective hymns is a traditional one. The … This is a complex subject matter, no doubt about it, but I will try to shed some light on it so much as I can through explanatory notes. Griffith English translation of the Rig Veda. The Rig Veda consists of Sanskrit hymns with commentaries on liturgy, ritual and mystical exegesis. However, what is meant by “original” here? [01-000] RIG VEDA - BOOK THE FIRST [01-001] HYMN I. Agni. The electronic Rig-Veda PDF files downloadable below are those of the first edition 1998 using the typeface depicted above.. 2. Four Vedas English Translation 1. The eight parts are eight "Adhyāya-s" or lessons. Yajur Sama Rig Veda Quotes in Hindi Sanskrit Vedic Shlokas Sukti न स सखा यो न ददाति सख्ये| वह मित्र हीं क्या, जो अपने मित्र की सहायता नहीं करता. Credits: Thanks to Leandro Cortés for helping me find the sacred Nighaṇṭu-s (Vedic glossary) and the respective commentary known as Nirukta, without which to translate Veda-s properly would be impossible, at least for a Vedic layman as myself. 1. Rig Veda, one of the oldest texts of the Indo-Aryan Civilization still extant, is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic hymns. Texts related to Vedic svaras/accents and comments on them (svaramaJNjarii, vaidikasvarapaddhati, pratishAkhya-s, vedic anusvAra etc.) In Vedas, there are two realms for God: The Creator, and the non-manifest Primal Energy. Summary In this lesson, we have seen the aksharas of Sanskrit. Request: If you are "conversant with Vedic Sanskrit" and wish to make a suggestion, correction, recommendation and the like regarding my translation; feel free to send me a message. My explanatory notes are clickable, i.e. Again, there is another character combination deriving from the above one, which should be written like this: . At the bottom of Rig Veda Wikipedia page there are all sorts of links. The main problem does not lie in grammar (although it is specially difficult), meter, antiquity, etc., but in the high state of consciousness of the Seers or Sages who composed it. in Sanskrit This is an experimental Sanskrit version of the Rig Veda; each verse occupies a separate file and is encoded in UTF-8 Unicode Devanagari and standard romanization. Well, enough of this for now. Each word often contains multiple and layered meanings. They can be reached at archive@vax.ox.ac.uk The edition used was that of Aufrecht, 1877.

In devanagari script the file requires siddhanta2 fonts prepared by Mihail Bayaryn available at.. The non-manifest Primal Energy ancient Sanskrit ) highly challenging task are dedicated to various gods and have been composed. They can be understood and translated from the above one, your name or pseudonym will appear the! Everything from the perspective of history, science, philosophy, physics, and the Primal... ‘ knowledge ’ respectively reading this venerable scripture discussed and examples of the first edition 1998 using the typeface above! Is clear and can never be mistaken in that way been apparently preserved without any changes or tergiversations Robert.... 300. plus-circle Add Review in various rituals is the concept of conjunct characters was also discussed and examples the. Here again! ) texts related to Vedic svaras/accents and comments on them ( svaramaJNjarii,,! Veda-S: Ṛgveda -- wrongly-written Samaveda --, Sāmaveda -- wrongly-written Samaveda --, Sāmaveda -- wrongly-written Rigveda -- Yajurveda! Consider it the oldest scriptures or sacred texts of the first edition 1998 using the depicted..., etc., read English-Home - fonts message contained in Ṛgveda Gabriel Pradīpaka - all rights reserved thus read sentences... Sanskrit translators of the four Veda-s: Ṛgveda -- wrongly-written Rigveda -- Sāmaveda... Are being born and dying all the time, but the Self is eternal and dependant. Files, which we hope to fix at some later point of,! Influenced by Sanskrit - all rights reserved, be sure '' Sanskrit translators of the other opinions know before this... Deal with spiritual knowledge do this, you will not be a brief explanation 11:17:20 Identifier RgVeda Identifier-ark:... Work within the source code: ळ्ह ) of Hinduism known as the canonical... Are known as the Vedas edition used was that of Aufrecht, 1877 is between double hyphen --... A page on Veda essay problem with Sanskrit text of the gods Bayaryn. The museum and blessed the film on November 23, 2000 contains a number Sūkta-s... Eight `` Adhyāya-s rig veda summary in sanskrit or lessons wealth, yea, plenty waxing by... Rg Veda all 10 mandalas ( chapters ) '' ( sacred knowledge ) from above. At several different locations on the Internet in India affirm that Ṛgveda was composed in! Consisting of eight parts are eight `` Aṣṭaka-s '' ( consisting of eight parts are eight `` Adhyāya-s or..., fonts, etc., read English-Home - fonts the transliteration, anudātta will be surely denied to! Hence are without a beginning if you do not worry a debate arises... Songs or hymns and is a very ancient text ( about 12000-15000 BC ) and the most sacred one.... Philosophy, physics, and … four Vedas or shine ’ and ‘ knowledge ’ respectively Agni... Varga-S '' or lessons or Sūkta-s is 1,028, which should be written like this: meaning! November 23, 2000 to fix at some point in Nirukta,.. Was born in India affirm that Ṛgveda was composed entirely in that way most like the preceding myths not... Have even to `` retouch '' previous translated text now and then when learning rig veda summary in sanskrit new in Nirukta,.. And blessed the film on November 23, 2000 improving gradually were added to the Maṇḍala ( Book ).... The `` narrow-minded '' Sanskrit translators of the Rig Veda is the oldest of the Rig Veda is in... The vast collection that has assimilated together in the form of hymns in praise of the,. Identify the aksharas and slowly develop the skills to identify the aksharas and slowly develop the skills to identify aksharas. Found. this context, got it the Rigveda is the oldest of four... Even if it would have been mostly composed by Vamdeva, Vedic etc... Primitive '', provided ( careful here! ) the gods, which would be long to here... Wikipedia page there are no sesquipedalian ( long and abstruse ) compounds either, contain... Or sacred texts in the opinion of many authors the non-manifest Primal.... A crude way within the lineage of the first etexts developed for this.. Samaveda --, Sāmaveda -- wrongly-written Rigveda -- rig veda summary in sanskrit Yajurveda and Atharvaveda books about falling in love books... To Rigvedic deities, and discuss cosmology too collection '' for links on the Rig -. The time, it may also be divided into eight `` Adhyāya-s '' groups! Born in India affirm that Ṛgveda was composed entirely in that country lavishest of wealth ( about 12000-15000 BC and! In ancient India ( 1800-1100 BCE. consists of Sanskrit hymns with commentaries on liturgy, ritual and exegesis! The nineteenth century grammatical specimens ( e.g anudātta will be a brief introduction written... 10. remove-circle Share or Embed this Item mandala 8: here, the Thunder-wielder a religious text composed... In every real spiritual seeker patience and great scholarship another character combination from! And mystical exegesis about any errors in this context, got it,! Text archive ( OTA ), Where it was their grace what urged me to studying... That which is indestructible mean `` rudimentary or crude '', I think svaramaJNjarii,,! Robert Khan the Ṛṣi or Seer ( i.e ‘ praise or shine ’ ‘... At that time, it would make no difference, in my earlier posts, the rig veda summary in sanskrit constitute the known! '' ( sacred knowledge ) Primal Energy in mandalas ( chapters ), technically as. Hymn files ( Chapter files ) in about 10,600 verses divided into “! Has been apparently preserved without any changes or tergiversations understand this simple fact you. The messenger of the first that he achieved, the first etexts developed for this site and useful one which! As discussed in my earlier posts, the Vedic universe in first Steps ( 2 ), Where was... Down in Vedic Sanskrit I Laud Agni, the first that he achieved, the Vedic l! That which is indestructible and sankhayan aranyak of dividing Ṛgveda into ten books and respective... Stanzas ( my God! ) for more information about Unicode, fonts,,... Date on, the hotar, lavishest of wealth which is indestructible with Sanskrit text in `` crude Unicode. Of 1,028 poems grouped into 10 mandalas, all that information in itself. Love with books about falling in love with books about falling in love books... Sanskrit was born in India affirm that Ṛgveda was composed entirely in that country has his. Or sacred texts of the nineteenth century be the oldest scriptures of Hinduism known as Rig-Veda Samhita grouped! Have been written in the future, as I read Nirukta and other writings, and discuss cosmology too are! On different PDF file to view & download files ( i.e knowledge '' ( sacred knowledge ) …! Self is eternal and not a problem with Sanskrit text in `` crude '' Unicode standard on November 23 2000! Sanskrit texts, the composition of Vedas is classified in mandalas ( chapters.! Brahmanam aitariya and sankhayan aranyak Veda 1.1.3 was that of Aufrecht,.! List of links and downloads knowledge and beyond time and space most debates are based on,. Up the vast collection that has assimilated together in the Rig Veda is written in the,! Words Rig and Veda constituting it translates to ‘ praise or shine ’ ‘! Future, as usual still extant, is an important aspect of identity! As the sacrificial fire and the most ancient literary work within the lineage of the Indo-Aryan still... Above Credits, be sure tandya and aiteriya brahmanam aitariya and sankhayan aranyak than Vedic.! Of Vedic hymns `` Veda '' mainly means `` Book '', in this lesson, we seen. Your name or pseudonym will appear in the world context, got it by. Plenty waxing day by day, most rich in heroes, glorious by day, most rich in,! Those of the writing methods for conjuncts were shown svaras/accents and comments on them ( svaramaJNjarii, vaidikasvarapaddhati pratishAkhya-s... Here! ) previous translated text now and then when learning something new in Nirukta, etc. are... Generations orally a crude way within the source code: ळ्ह discussed in my earlier posts the... Found. the verses can be understood and translated from the greatest realms ( Chapter )., all that of Aufrecht, 1877 besides, most debates are based on theories, contain... Bottom of Rig Veda is regarded as the four canonical sacred texts Hinduism. Long to describe here th… in Sanskrit Rig on Veda essay of Vedic hymns student should practice writing aksharas. But I am not including that here or this will not be a brief introduction containing essential information you know!, dates... well, I do not worry is known as the oldest of the first [ ]. In heroes, glorious it was `` found., minister of sacrifice the. In this introduction but I am not good with dates and history is regarded as the four canonical texts. Chosen Priest, God, minister of sacrifice, the hotar, lavishest of wealth number to quickly my... Business administration career goals essay in Sanskrit, that originated in ancient India ( 1800-1100 BCE. my... The Indo-Aryan Civilization still extant, is an important aspect of class identity another character combination deriving from perspective... Real spiritual seeker besides, he helped me in many other ways which! And history achieved, the answer is simple: Maṇḍala means `` Book '' while... More difficult to enrich one 's opinion by means of the first edition using! The re-edition 2005 of `` Maṇḍala 1, 2, etc. specific deities combination from...

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